Tanjore Paintings are an ancient form of Art which is less known to people these days.It's our responsibility to preserve this art for the next generations. Watch this video to understand Making of Tanjore Paintings.
Step 1: Pasting the cloth over the painting canvas
Preparation of board applying the cloth where cut the cloth leaving 2 inches extra from edges of board . then cut the cloth on corners . now after that add one spoon of Fevicol to six spoon of water mix it well to get milk type consistency. we have to apply well this thin Fevicol with help of brush on board surface. then place the cut piece of cloth over it & stretch it well to leave no wrinkles. Turn the board & with help of Fevicol mix paste the extra cloth on revers side. there should not be any bubble & if you find any thing just stretch it well . we need to apply one more coat of Fevicol mix over the cloth to make sure cloth sticks well to board surface.
Step 2: Layering of board with chalk powder paste
Take 2 table spoon of chalk powder . Add enough water to it to soak this powder well. when it is soaked properly add Fevicol water mix to this chalk powder to get paint like consistency. To achieve the consistency add the chalk water powder with Fevicol. Filter fevicol chalk powder mix through a tea strainer. apply it either horizontal or vertical it should be in one direction only. Apply half or 1 mm thick layer of the mixture evenly on baord. once it dries then apply second layer in opposite direction over it. on drying if required once can apply another layer else board is ready for next step.
Step 3: Board scrubbing
Previously we have done it 2 coats of layering of board with chalk powder . now that same board will be used where cut a piece of sand paper. Rub it to the verticle direction. Scrub the board with sand paper. Rub it till it becomes smooth. then the board is ready for sketching.
Step 4: Tracing the pattern
After scrubbing the board with sand paper then it becomes very smooth surface .for making any pattern of design mark the edges with pencil to leave space to put frame on painting . Mark the center of board to place pattern. Mark the center on second pattern also. First put the carbon paper under the pattern by matching center point on paper & board & fix it with fixing tape. Using pencil or ball point pen transfer the patter on board.
Step 5: Fixing the stones
First step is to place the stones on jewellery & other decorative part of painting. There is glass stone, some time we use blue also. There are various shapes of glass stones which is available in different size, colours & shape. Usually size of glass stones starts with nearly 2 by 2mm upto 9 by 9mm in square stones. There are some high shaped stones in this we get various sizes. some of them are round & square which has 2mm to 9 mm for both. First there is need to decide which stones are used. Small stones are choosen. First i have decided i m going to put these stones in a plcae, after deciding the place take a little Fevicol where stones is to be fixed . one by one place the stones, you can take the help of a plucker where place the stones at equal distance from each other. when you apply the bigger stone apply the fevicol. Take the bigger size of stone this is the way to place all the stones where ever u want to put it.
Step 6: Preparing the Muck & Cone for the Tanjore Painting
First mix 2 level spoon of chalk powder & 1 level spoon of arabic gum , this gum comes in crystal form , we have to soak it in water . add some water to get a thick paste so we can get the desired consistency which should be thicker & mix it well & filter it. there is need of filtering because of dissloving the small particle.
Step 7: Preparing cone for Relief Work
Now we have to do coating, plastic paper of used milk packet is needed which should be cut from the edges. Just fold little in the corner & keep on going cut off edges, roll as shown & fix with fixing tape. then cone is made by this process, pour the muck into cone & pack it well. Fill just half or cone with muck. Now the stone is ready.
Step 8: Tanjore painting as a Relief work
Take the muck little which has been prepared previosuly & mix water to make it liquid. Now we need to cover the stones fully with the muck. Cover the stones all over with this muck with help of brush . then leave it for dry over then make a little hole in pour n give little presure so quantity can come out . By using cone do relief work over the area where we want to put the gold foil . There is another style for pouring which looks like semi from top to bottom. the motif is like a semicolon, thick at head & thin at tail end but you need to take care they should not touch each other. thats why it should be done very carefully . Leave some space between relief work. so this is the way where you have to cover it whole by gold foil.
Step 9: Removing Muck over the stones
Apply little water over the muck on stones & rub over the stones with wet cloth . you will come to know that muck is very easily removed. now stones are clearly visible to us. took out the foil.
Step 10: Pasting foil around square stones in tanjore painting
First we need to cut trip according to space between them. Put the gum in strip fix it neatly cut & paste small strips from gold foil space of sqaure stones. After this take another strip & apply the gum & strech it & in same put it the other part also. Fixing foils on round on rest of relief work. there are some foils cut ithe gold foil sheet on edge. For putting foil we have to place the foil n give the pressure on it so it can stick better . Place foil over relief work & press to get the impression. slowly you have to apply the pressure & mark the impression very softly you have to do. Leaving a little space cut the foil, place it once to see whether it covers whole or not & apply the gum. place this foil over the relief work & press gently with help of soft white cotton cloth & press it slowly & you can see all the relief work done very well after doing it. In order to make relief work more clearly visible press around it slowly but firmly with the help of empty refill pen. Using this way we have to apply the foil. Again put the strip by pressing take the impression. Use the refill make the mark.
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